The Pileated Woodpecker is a large, crow-sized woodpecker, with brilliant red crest. Both sexes have the red crest and white neck stripe, but only the male has a red forehead and mustache. Pileated Woodpeckers require large trees both for nesting and for the insects, such as Carpenter ants, they provide. Tall dead tree snags are especially important for nesting cavities. It is a permanent resident of ROLF.